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Overview Characteristics Facility Beamtime Schedule Operation Instruction  Beamtime Application Publications Past Experiments Design Team



Large volume presses allow one to perform high pressure and high temperature diffraction experiments on mm-sized samples with excellent T and P stability and uniformity up to 40 GPa and 3000 K.

l Phase equilibrium studies with in-situ pressure and temperature determination
l Time resolved experiments on kinetics of reactions with sub-second data collection
l Strength and rheological properties of minerals, viscosity of liquids and melts
l P-V-T equation-of-state measurements with better P, T coverage, precision, and accuracy
l Simultaneous measurements of density and acoustic velocities for absolute equation of state

l High pressure tomography, equations of state of glasses and melts

l High resolution crystallography. Powder x-ray structural refinements. Structures of glasses and melts
l System designed to be compatible with multi-anvil devices existing in high pressure labs world wide


l International Workshop on Synchrotron High-Pressure Mineral Physics and Materials Science (6-7 December 2007)
l Multi-Anvil Workshop (1 March 2005)

X-Ray Characteristics

l Energy-dispersive diffraction: single- and  multi-element detector to over 130 keV
l Monochromatic diffraction (to 65 keV): solid-state detector, image plate, and CCD

High Pressure Instrumentation

l 250 ton press at 13-BM-D
l 1000 ton press at 13-ID-D
l Both with DIA and MA8 pressure tooling.

l Deformation DIA with large differential strain for high P-T rheology studies
l High-pressure tomography apparatus
l Interchangeable tooling for wide range of experiments
l On-site machine shop and synthesis facilities
l On-site data analysis


Hydraulic presses and support frames


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2.5 MN (250 ton) press in station 13-BM-D.  Four different high-pressure modules, DIA, D-DIA, T-Cup and the tomography apparatus (see below) can be used, with either energy-dispersive or angle-dispersive diffraction techniques.  Radiographic imaging also available. 
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A 5-axis detector support is used for the Ge solid state detector for energy dispersive diffraction using the 250 ton LVP.  Diffraction can be performed either in the vertical plane for the DIA or an inclined plane (35.3 deg.) for the T-Cup.


The 10 MN (1,000 ton) LVP (A) in 13-ID-D held by the positioning support base (B).  The window - frame press is 1 m (W) x 2 m (Ht) x 0.6 m (Th) and weighs 6 tons.  Roller table (C) for transport various guide blocks into the press.  Positive displacement pump (D) is used for fine pressure control.  Incident X-rays are collimated by motorized WC slits mounted on slit stand (E), and diffracted signals received by a detector mounted on a multi-purpose detector support (F- see picture below for details).
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A five-degree freedom detector support for the 10 MN LVP, designed for both energy-dispersive AND monochromatic diffraction using single or multi-element solid-state detectors, scintillation devices, imaging plates, and CCD.  Shown here are configurations of a seven-element detector at the DIA (left) and T-Cup (right) mode.  


Various detectors

A range of detector choices


















Various high-pressure modules available


The DIA type cubic anvil apparatus. The T-Cup MA8 apparatus using 10 mm anvils.


D-DIA, a high-P-T deformation apparatus

High-pressure tomography apparatus for studying

microstructure evolution in-situ

T-25, the MA8 apparatus using 25 mm WC anvils.



Design Team

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Don Weidner, Leader
Department of Earth and Space Sciences, SUNY-Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-2100, phone : (631) 632-8211, fax: (631) 632-8140,

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Jay Bass
Department of Geology, 1301 W. Green St., University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, 61801-2999, phone : (217) 333-1018, fax: 217-333-1018,

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Bill Durham
University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,
7000 East Ave.L-201,
Livermore, CA 94550,  phone: 925-422-7046,

Ivan C. Getting

Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science (CIRES), Campus Box 216, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0216, phone: (303)492-6713; fax: (303)492-1149,

Shun-ichiro Karato
Yale University, Department of Geology and Geophysics, 109 Kline Geology Laboratory, PO Box 208109, New Haven, CT 06520-8109, phone: (203)432-3147, fax: (203)432-3134,

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Kurt Leinenweber
Department of Chemistry, Arizona State University, phone : (602) 965-8657,



Murli H. Magnhnani                                                                                                                           Mineral Physics Group, Department of Geology and Geophysics, 2525 Correa Rd., Honolulu, HI 96822. phone: (808)956-7825; fax: (808)956-6057,


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Mike Vaughan
Department of Earth and Space Sciences, SUNY-Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-2100, phone : (631) 632-8030, fax: (631) 632-8140,

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Yanbin Wang
University of Chicago, Building 434A, Argonne National Lab, 9700 South Cass, Argonne, Il   60439, phone : (630) 252-0425, fax : (630) 252-0436,

Last updated Nov. 11, 2004 by Yanbin Wang