Stephen R. Sutton

Senior Scientist
Department of Geophysical Sciences and Center for Advanced Radiation Sources
University of Chicago

Contact Information:
Advanced Photon Source, Building 434A
9700 South Cass Avenue
Argonne National Laboratory
Argonne, IL 60439
Phone: 630-252-0426
Fax: 630-252-0436

B.S. Physics, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., 1971
Ph. D. Earth and Planetary Sciences, Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., 1984

Research Interests:

    The focus of my research is the development and application of synchrotron x-ray microanalysis instrumentation and methods for trace element quantification using the x-ray fluorescence microprobe and chemical speciation determinations using x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. Research problems include the chemical evolution of primitive extraterrestrial materials, e.g., interplanetary dust particles, comet dust, meteorites; speciation and mobility of toxic and radioactive species in the contaminated soils; and direct determination of the oxidation states of minerals and glasses.

    Synchrotron radiation facilities in Illinois and New York are the foci of instrumentation development. At the Advanced Photon Source , Argonne National Laboratory , IL, I am co-Project Manager (with Mark Rivers, also of the Department of Geophysical Sciences) for the GeoSoilEnviroCARS Sector (13), a national earth science user facility funded by NSF-EAR and DOE-Geosciences a part of the Consortium for Advanced Radiation Sources (CARS). Four experimental stations are available for research which give earth scientists access to the following techniques: diffraction (microcrystal, powder, surface), high pressure studies (diamond anvil cell, and multianvil press), fluorescence microprobe, microtomography, and x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (bulk, microbeam, liquid and solid surfaces).

    At the National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Long Island, NY, a dedicated x-ray microprobe beamline (X26A) is being utilized for a wide variety of earth science research. In addition to conducting my own research there, as Spokesperson I manage the beamline on behalf of the Participating Research Team (PRT) which currently includes the University of Chicago, Brookhaven National Laboratory (Environmental Science Department), and the University of Kentucky. Earth scientists from other institutions gain access to the microprobe through collaborations with PRT members or as independent investigators.

Some Publications:

Karner, J. M., J. J. Papike, S. R. Sutton, P. V. Burger, C. K. Shearer, L. Le, M. Newville, and Y. Choi (2010) Partitioning of Eu between augite and a highly spiked martian basalt composition as a function of oxygen fugacity (IW-1 to QFM): Determination of Eu2+/Eu3+ ratios by XANES. American Mineralogist 95, 410-413.

Sutton, S. R., M. N. Rao and L. E. Nyquist (2010) Oxidation States of GRIM Glasses In EET79001 Based on Vanadium Valence. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXXI, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, 1747.

Berry, A. J., A. C. Harris, V. S. Kamenetsky, M. Newville, and S. R. Sutton (2009) The speciation of copper in natural fluid inclusions at temperatures up to 700 °C. Chemical Geology 259, 1-6.

Rao, M.N., L.E. Nyquist, S.R. Sutton, G. Dreibus, D.H. Garrison, and J. Herrin (2009) Fluid-evaporation records preserved in salt assemblages in Meridiani rocks. EPSL 286 (3-4), 396-403.

Berry, A. J., L. V. Danyushevsky, H. St. C. O’Neill, M. Newville and S. R. Sutton (2008) Oxidation state of iron in komatiitic melt inclusions indicates hot Archaen mantle. Nature 455, 960-964.

Hettiarachchi, G. M., M. J. McLaughlin, K. G. Scheckel, D. J. Chittleborough, M. Newville, S. Sutton, E. Lombi (2008) Evidence for Different Reaction Pathways for Liquid and Granular Micronutrients in a Calcareous Soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 72 (1), 98-110.

Karner, J. M., J.J. Papike, S.R. Sutton, C.K. Shearer, P. Burger, G. McKay, and L. Le (2008) Valence state partitioning of V between pyroxene-melt: Effects of pyroxene and melt composition, and direct determination of V valence states by XANES. Application to Martian basalt QUE 94201 composition. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43, 1275-1285.

Lanzirotti, A., S. R. Sutton, G. J. Flynn, M. Newville and W. Rao (2008) Chemical composition and heterogeneity of Wild 2 cometary particles determined by synchrotron x-ray fluorescence. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 43, 187-214.

Sutton, S. R., M. N. Rao, and L. E. Nyquist (2008) Sulfur and Iron Speciation in Gas-Rich Impact-Melt Glasses from Basaltic Shergottites Determined by MicroXANES. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX, 1961.

Simon, S., S. R. Sutton and L. Grossman (2007) Valence of Titanium and Vanadium in Pyroxene in Refractory Inclusion Interiors and Rims. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 71, 3098-3118.

Tokunaga, T., J. Wan, Y. Kim, S. Sutton, M. Newville, A. Lanzirotti, W. Rao (2008) Real-Time X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Uranium, Iron, and Manganese in Contaminated Sediments During Bioreduction.  Environ. Sci. & Technol. 42: 2839–2844.

Alderden, R. A., H. R. Mellor, S. Modok, M. D. Hall, S. R. Sutton, M. G. Newville, R. Callaghan, and T. W. Hambley (2007) Elemental tomography of cancer-cell spheroids reveals incomplete uptake of both platinum(II) and platinum(IV) complexes.  Jour. Am. Chem. Soc. 129 (44), 13400-13401.

Kavner, A., D. Walker, S. Sutton and M. Newville (2007) Externally-driven charge transfer in silicates at high pressure and temperature: A XANES study. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 256, 314-327. 

Tokunaga, T. K., J. Wan, A. Lanzirotti, S. R. Sutton, M. Newville and W. Rao (2007) Long-term stability of organic carbon-stimulated chromate reduction in contaminated soils and its relation to manganese redox status.  Environ. Sci. & Technol 41: 4326-4331.

Arai, Y., A. Lanzirotti, S. R. Sutton, J. Dyer, and D. L. Sparks (2006) Spatial and Temporal Variability of Arsenic Solid-state Speciation in Lead Arsenate Contamination Soils. Environ. Sci. & Technol. 40, 673-679.

Berry, A. J., A. C. Hack, J. A. Mavrogenes, M. Newville, and S. R. Sutton (2005) A XANES Study of Cu Speciation in High-temperature Brines using Synthetic Fluid Inclusions. Am. Mineral., 91 (11-12): 1773-1782.

Brownlee, D. E., et al. (2006) Comet 81P/Wild 2 under a microscope. Science 314 (5806): 1711-1716 DEC 15 2006.

Brown, G. E., S. R. Sutton, and G. Calas (2006) User facilities around the world. Elements 2, 9-14.

Flynn, G. J., et al. (2006) Elemental compositions of comet 81P/Wild 2 samples collected by Stardust. Science 314 (5806): 1731-1735 DEC 15 2006.

Hettiarachchi, G. M., K. G. Scheckel, J. A. Ryan, S. R. Sutton, M. Newville (2006) MicroXANES and MicroXRF Investigations of Metal Binding Mechanisms in Biosolids. J. Environ. Qual. 35, 342-350.

Karner, J. M., S. R. Sutton, J. J. Papike, C. K. Shearer, J. H. Jones, M. Newville (2006) Application of a New Vanadium Valence Oxybarometer to Basaltic Glasses from the Earth, Moon and Mars. Am. Mineral. 91, 270-277.

Polizzotto, M. L., C. F. Harvey, G. Li, B. Badruzzman, A. Ali, M. Newville, S. Sutton, S. Fendorf (2006) Solid-phases and desorption processes of arsenic within Bangladesh sediments. Chem. Geol. 228 (1-3), 97-111.

Polizzotto, M. L., C. F. Harvey, S. R. Sutton and S. Fendorf (2006) Processes conducive to the release and transport of arsenic into aquifers of Bangladesh. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 18819-18823.

Powell, B. A., M.C. Duff, D.I. Kaplan, R.A. Fjeld, M. Newville, D.B. Hunter, P.M. Bertsch, J.T. Coates, P. Eng, M.L. Rivers, S.M. Serkiz, S.R. Sutton, I.R. Triay, D.T. Vaniman (2006) Plutonium oxidation and subsequent reduction by Mn(IV) minerals in Yucca Mountain tuff. Environ. Sci. Technol. 40 (11), 3508-3514 (2006).DOI: 10.1021/es052353+.

Righter, K., S. R. Sutton, M. Newville, L. Le, C. S. Schwandt, H. Uchida, B. Lavina and R. T. Downs (2006) An experimental study of the oxidation state of vanadium in spinel and basaltic melt with implications for the origin of planetary basalt.  American Mineralogist 91, 1643-1656.

Sutton, S. R. (2006) User research facilities in the earth sciences.  Elements 2, 7-8.

Sutton, S. R., M. W. Caffee, and M. T. Dove (2006) Synchrotron radiation, neutron and mass spectrometry techniques at user facilities. Elements 2, 15-21.


last updated: January 30, 2012

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